So Munin is an old and easy monitoring software that graphs just about everything on servers, switches and what not. I always fall back on Munin when I want something that is very fast to set up, and low maintenance.
If you are like me, you often don’t want pages and pages on how to set it all up, and just want a one-liner or so to get going. For those who want that, skip to bottom.
Munin is divided into two packages for Ubuntu, munin and munin-node. The munin package is the master, and is installed on just one node where you can browse graphs for all servers. The munin-node is a smaller, and lighter package which is needed on other servers which you want to collect data from, to generate graphs on the master.
1. Install Apache and some other dependencies
We need to configure a web server on Ubuntu to access the web interface over a network of Munin. Therefore, use the below-given command to install Apache and other required packages.
apt install apache2 libcgi-fast-perl libapache2-mod-fcgid
2. Command to Install Munin
Munin can be installed from package sources on Ubuntu, hence we don’t need to add any additional or extra repository on our system.
apt install munin
3. Configure Apache for Munin Server monitoring
(optional) If you want to access the Munin Web interface outside your localhost, which means the server where you have installed this Server monitoring tool, then edit the Munin Apache configuration file.
Now, replace the line “
Require local” with:
Require all granted
And also change the
Options value from
It should now look something like this:
# ***** COMMON SETTINGS FOR ALL STRATEGIES ***** ScriptAlias /munin-cgi/munin-cgi-graph /usr/lib/munin/cgi/munin-cgi-graph Alias /munin/static/ /var/cache/munin/www/static/ <Directory /var/cache/munin/www> Require all granted Options FollowSymLinks SymLinksIfOwnerMatch </Directory> <Directory /usr/lib/munin/cgi> Require all granted Options FollowSymLinks SymLinksIfOwnerMatch <IfModule mod_fcgid.c> SetHandler fcgid-script </IfModule> <IfModule !mod_fcgid.c> SetHandler cgi-script </IfModule> </Directory> # ***** SETTINGS FOR CGI/CRON STRATEGIES *****
After this, we want to restart services and we are done 🙂
systemctl restart apache2 munin munin-node
You should now be able to browse your data at http://<hostname or ip of server>/munin. Since Munin only create new data/graphs each 5th minute, you might have to wait up to 5 minutes for first graphs to show up. In the mean time, you will only see a 403 Forbidden.
apt install apache2 libcgi-fast-perl libapache2-mod-fcgid munin -y sed -i -e 's/Require local/Require all granted/g' /etc/munin/apache24.conf sed -i -e 's/Options None/Options FollowSymLinks SymLinksIfOwnerMatch/g' /etc/munin/apache24.conf systemctl restart apache2 munin munin-node